English Business 2

TOEFL EXERCISE (Skill 1-3)

Choose the letter of underlined word or group of words that is not correct

# The following is the color for option a, b, c and d

A : GREEN

B : PURPLE

C : YELLOW

D : BLUE

 

1. Nobody know when the process of glass-making was invented.

>> The incorrect word : A. know

The reason : Nobody is a singular subject, so the verb must be followed by s/es.

>> The correct sentence : Nobody knows when the process of glass-making was invented.

2. The languages of the world presents a vast array of structural similarities and differences.

>> The incorrect word : A. presents

The reason : because the languages is plural subject, so the verb not followed s/es.

>> The correct sentence : The languages of the world present a vast array of structural similarities and differences.

3. The rise of multinationals have resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity because multinationals can operate in so many jurisdictions.

>> The incorrect word : A. have

The reason : The rise of multinationals is singular subject, so the to be must be “has” not have .

>> The correct sentence : The rise of multinationals has resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity because multinationals can operate in so many jurisdictions.

 

4. All of the east-west interstate highways in the United States has even numbers, while north-south interstate highways are odd-numbered.

>> The incorrect word : A. has

The reason : All of the east-west interstate highways  is plural subject, so the to be must be  “have”.

>> The correct sentence : All of the east-west interstate highways in the United States have even numbers,while north-south interstate highways are odd-numbered.

 

5. When a massive star in the large Magellanic Cloud exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos were detected on Earth.

>> The incorrect word : C. were

The reason : a wave of neutrinos is singular subject, so the to be must be “was” not were.

>> The correct sentence : When a massive star in the large Magellanic Cloud exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos was detected on Earth.

 

6. Every open space in the targeted area that has grass and a few bushes are occupied by the white-crowned sparrow.

>> The incorrect word : C. are

The reason : every open space is singular subject. so the to be must be “is”, not are.

>> The correct sentence : Every open space in the targeted area that has grass and a few bushes is occupied by the white-crowned sparrow.

 

7. Krakatoa is remembered as the volcano that put so much ash into the air that sunsets around the world was affected for two years afterward.

>> The incorrect word : B. put

The reason : krakatoa is singular subject, so the verb must be followed by s/es.

>> The correct sentence : Krakatoa is remembered as the volcano that puts so much ash into the air that sunsets around the world was affected for two years afterward.

 

8. The term “Yankee” was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States are referred to as a Yankee.

>> The incorrect word : B. are

The reason : anyone is singular verb, so the to be must be “is” not are.

>> The correct sentence : The term “Yankee” was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States is referred to as a Yankee.

 

9. A network of small arteries, mostly sandwiched between the skin and the underlying muscles, supply blood to the face and scalp.

>> The incorrect word : C. supply

The reason : a network of small arteries included in the singular subject, so the verb must be followed by s/es.

The correct sentence : A network of small arteries,mostly sandwiched between the skin and the underlying muscles, supplies blood to the face and scalp.

 

10. Mesquite is a small tree in the Southwest who can withstand the severest drought.

>> The incorrect word : D. wtihstand

The reason : Mesquite is singular subject, so the verb must be followed by s/es.

>> The correct sentence :Mesquite is a small tree in the Southwest which can withstands the severest drought.

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